The Western Ghats hills run parallel to the west coast of India and are a major hub for the flora and fauna. It is also a part of the UNESCO world heritage sites. Below are the amazing facts about western Ghats:-
Western Ghats facts:
- The Western Ghats are the range of mountains which run along the west coast of India. They cover almost four major states of India and are the second-most highest mountain ranges of India after the Himalayas. 1600 kms in length, they measure 2/3rd of the Himalayan arc but are 1.25 times the length of the Alps ranges in Europe.
While Karnataka and Maharastra share the most of the parts of the Western Ghats still they do not have top 10% of the highest peaks.
On the other Hand, Kerala and Tamilnadu share the lesser area of the Western Ghats yet the top 10% of the highest peaks. But the sad part is very few of them have the permission for trekking.
Even the town of hill station Kodaikanal in Tamilnadu is situated at a higher altitude than the highest peak of the Karnataka.
- Most of the highest peaks of Karnataka and Maharastra, on the other hand, can be trekked or even accessed by the jeep trail like Mullayamagiri, Kodachadri, Brahmagiri trek etc.
- The Western Ghats can be characterized as dense forest and the grasslands. Dense forests are always found at the foot and base of the hills. While grasslands start at around 3500 feet.
The Average elevation of the Western Ghats is 4000 feet. That means most of the peaks lie in the open grasslands and There is no obstructions in viewing the panoramic view of the chain of the mountains from thousands of feet.
- In Karnataka, most of the famous treks start with the English letter ‘K’ like Kumara Parvatha, Kodachadri, Kudremukh, Kote betta same as the letter Karnataka begins with etc.
- The Western Ghats are the main reason for the monsoon in the western coast of India and they receive a heavy amount of rainfall for more than half a year and these rainfall give birth to many famous rivers and waterfalls like river Kaveri, Periyar, Tungabhadra, Jog falls, Dudhsagar falls etc. These rivers alone combines drain to 40% of India alone.
- By trekking, most of the western Ghats peaks can be trekked in a single day; followed by night camping, and descending next day. Average trek length of the western Ghats peaks is around just 10-11 kms much lesser when compared to the Himalayan treks.
- Chikmagalur district of Karnataka has the highest number of trekking spots, around 10-12 treks alone in this district. Apart from 4-5 reserve forest range bordering this district.
- Due to heavy rainfall, it becomes harder to trek through the thick forests in the monsoon. On an average, a brisk trek walk of around one hour in during the monsoon can attract around 15-20 leeches.
- It becomes harder to take a long break during the trekking in the dense forests of the Western Ghats during monsoon and post-monsoon. As a simple quick fact, just 5 minutes of break during monsoon and after monsoon can attract around 15-20 leeches to our body.
- If taken area wise, Western ghat is bigger than most of the Indian state and countries like England, Costa rica, Denmark, Bangladesh etc.
- Kerala is the most beautiful state in India which is a part of the Western Ghats
If you are planning to visit south India soon and you are particularly interested in the Western Ghats and Kerala then here is a recommended book for you.
What does this book talk about?
- Relax on the palm-fringed beaches
- Cruise through tropical Kerala
- Yoga, Hinduism, avoiding crowd, backwaters, transit tips, Buddhist caves, culture and much more.